Preparation and Preliminary Evaluation of Dual-functional Nanoparticles for MRI and siRNA Delivery

Document Type : Research article


1 Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, Yanji 133000, China.

2 Department of Radiology, Yanbian University Hospital, Yanji 133000, China.

3 Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, Yanji 133000, China



In order to improve the transfection efficiency of gene vectors and monitor the effect of gene therapy, this study prepared a drug delivery vector with dual functions. The thiourea reaction was used to synthesize polyethyleneimine (PEI, MW: 1.8 kDa) with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) (PEI1800-SPION), and the lipid polycationic gene vector PEI1800-SPION loaded cationic liposome (LP-PEI1800-SPION) was further prepared by ethanol injection method. Agarose gel electrophoresis experiment, cytotoxicity experiment, and In-vitro gene silencing experiment were used to evaluate the vector and screen the optimal prescription of LP-PEI1800-SPION/siRNA. When the weight ratio of LP-PEI1800-SPION to siRNA is 20, the transfection efficiency of the nanoparticles was the highest, and the silencing efficiency of the target protein was the largest. The cytotoxicity of LP-PEI1800-SPION was low; when the concentration was in the range of 1-50 μg/mL, the survival rate of the four types of cells was above 80%. Prussian blue staining experiments and In-vitro MRI imaging experiments showed that cells had significant uptake and imaging capabilities for LP-PEI1800-SPION. In conclusion, the visualized polycationic lipid siRNA delivery vehicle (LP-PEI1800-SPION) was successfully prepared in this experiment, which provides a research basis for further theranostics of liver cancer.

Graphical Abstract

Preparation and Preliminary Evaluation of Dual-functional Nanoparticles for MRI and siRNA Delivery


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