Heterotropic Effect of β-lactam Antibiotics on Antioxidant Property of Haptoglobin) 2-2(-Hemoglobin Complex

Document Type : Research article


1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Alzahra University, 1993891176, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Alzahra University, 1993891176, Tehran, Iran

3 Proteomics Research Center, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Asre Novin Institute of Research and Industrial Services, Tehran, Iran.


Haptoglobin (Hp) is a mammalian serum glycoprotein showing a genetic polymorphism with three types, 1-1, 2-2 and 1-2. Hp appears to conserve the recycling of heme-iron by forming an essentially irreversible but non-covalent complex with hemoglobin which is released into the plasma by erythrocyte lysis. As an important consequence, Haptoglobin-Hemoglobin complex (Hp-Hb) shows considerable antioxidant property. In this study, antioxidant activity of Hp (2-2)-Hb complex on hydrogen peroxide has been studied and analyzed in the absence and presence of two beta-lactam antibiotics in-vitro. For this purpose, non-Michaelis behavior of peroxidase activity of Hp (2-2)-Hb complex was analyzed using Eadie-Hofstee, Clearance and Hill plots, in the absence and presence of pharmaceutical dose of ampicillin and coamoxiclav. The results have shown that peroxidase activity of Hp (2-2)-Hb complex is modulated via homotropic effect of hydrogen peroxide as an allostric substrate. On the other hand antioxidant property of Hp (2-2)-Hb complex increased via heterotropic effect of both antibiotics on the peroxidase activity of the complex. Both drugs also have mild effect on quality of homotropic property of the peroxidase activity of Hp (2-2)-Hb complex. Therefore, it can be concluded from our study that both beta-lactam antibiotics can increase peroxidase activity of Hp (2-2)-Hb complex via heterotropic effect. Thus, the two antibiotics (especially ampicillin) may help those individuals with Hp (2-2) phenotype to improve the Hp-Hb complex efficiency of removing hydrogen peroxide from serum under oxidative stress. This can be important in the individuals with phenotype Hp2-2 who have less antioxidant activity relative to other phenotypes and are susceptible to cardiovascular disorders, as has been reported by other researchers.