The Role of Clinical Pharmacists in Educating Nurses to Reduce Drug-Food Interactions (Absorption Phase) in Hospitalized Patients

Document Type: Short Comunication

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Anesthesiology Research Center. Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.

2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

3 Discipline of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health, University of Canberra.

Abstract

 

Drug-food interactions can increase or decrease drug effects, resulting in therapeutic failure or toxicity. Activities that reduce these interactions play an important role for clinical pharmacists. This study was planned and performed in order to determine the role of clinical pharmacist in the prevention of absorption drug-food interactions through educating the nurses in a teaching hospital affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. The rate of interactions was determined using direct observation methods before and after the nurse training courses in four wards including gastrointestinal-liver, endocrine, vascular surgery and nephrology. Training courses consisted of the nurse attendance lecture delivered by a clinical pharmacist which included receiving information pamphlets. Total incorrect drug administration fell down from 44.6% to 31.5%. The analysis showed that the rate of absorption drug-food interactions significantly decreased after the nurse training courses (p < 0.001). Clinical pharmacist can play an important role in nurse training as an effective method to reduce drug-food interactions in hospitals.

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