Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (2004): Supplement 2:
2nd International Congress on Traditional Medicine and Materia Medica
The effect of superficial tactile- kinesthetic stimulation method on weight gain of low birth weight infant
Golchin M., Rafati P., Taheri P.
Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery of Isfahan Medical Sciences University, Isfahan, Iran
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of superficial tactile- kinesthetic stimulation method on weight gain of low birth weight infants
This is a quasi experimental, type of clinical trial study which was conducted on 54 low birth weight infants in Alzahra, Shahid Beheshti and Shariati hospitals was conducted by convenient sampling method. They were assigned to two groups of twenty-seven infants. One of the groups received superficial tactile- kinesthetic stimulation respectively. This group was compared with a control group receiving no stimulations. Criteria for inclusion in the study were: birth weight <2500 g, age<18 days, breast-feeding, the Iranian race, absence of congenital heart malformation, pulmonary diseases, neuromuscular disorders, respiratory distress, sepsis, maternal addiction, NPO or intravenous feeding only and blood exchange. Data were collected through observations, interviews and measuring weight by special scales of infants weighing (seco) with an accuracy of±10 grams. All measurements were taken before and after the completion of the study on the same equipment and by the same observer. Each infant in the treatment group received superficial tactile- kinesthetic stimulation for three 15-minute periods, 30-45 minutes after feeding in the morning, afternoon and evening for 10 consecutive days. The control infants were not given any specific stimulation but monitored for weight as in the treatment group. Weight of infants was measured three times: in the beginning of the study, 5 days and 10 days after it. To data analysis t-test and paired t-test were used to compare weight gain within and between groups.
The groups did not differ significantly on matched variables. Means of weight gain within groups, before and after of the study were statistical different. Also a significant difference was found between two groups. The treatment group was significantly gaining weight better than control group.
These findings show that superficial tactile- kinesthetic stimulation enhances weight gain in low birth weight infants. Field (1986), Scafidi (1996), Wheeden (1993), Ferber (2002), … reported similar findings in their studies. Thus, tactile- kinesthetic stimulation with its effects on growth and development of low birth weight infants decreases infant’s mortality and morbidity, the two most important indexes of health in the world.