Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (2004): Supplement 2:
2nd International Congress on Traditional Medicine and Materia Medica
The effects of foot massage on physiologic indicators in critically ill patients
Eimani E., Moshtaqe Eshq Z.
Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Scienses, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty
The perpuse of this research is to determine the effect of foot massage on physiologic indicators including pulse, respiration and mean arterial pressure. The hypothesis of this research is that foot massage decreases the patient´s heart rate, respiratory rate and mean arterial pressure.
This research is a quasiexperimental study and a self-control clinical trial with repeated measures in witch 46 patients with brain stroke that hospitalized in intensive care unit of Tajrish Shohada hospital are studied. Using instruments include a sthetoscope and a sphygmomanometer that sphygmomanometer was calibrated before begeaning the work.
Information was collected at 4 to 6 pm. For this perpuse the physiologic indicators were controlled and after 10 minute, the samples were undergoing five minute stroke foot massage, and then in 10 and 30 minute intervals physiologic indicators were controlled again. Data were analyzed with repeated measures ANOVA statistical method.
Findings showed that pulse rate, respiratory rate and mean arterial pressure significantly decrease after five minute foot massage (p<0.001). So that these indicators in 10 minute after foot massage were less than 10 minute before massage and in 30 minute after foot massage were less than 10 minute before and 10 minute after foot massage.
Findings show parasympathetic activity after foot massage that result in alteration in physiologic responses. Decreasing of heart rate, mean arterial pressure and respiratory rate may shows that patients were more relaxed and their anxiety was decreased realy. So we can decrease anxiety of patients in intensive care unit with using of a simple, low expense and non invasive method and can stabilize physiologic indicators and decrease effects of vital signs instability.