Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (2004): Supplement 2:
2nd International Congress on Traditional Medicine and Materia Medica
Association between skin tattoos and Hepatitis B of 1/2000 privates at Adisorn Fort Hospital in Saraburi, Thailand
Titinun Auamnoy, Mekaroonreung S., Patrarachote P., Auamnoy T.
College of Pharmacy, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine whether there is association between skin tattoos, Hepatitis-B and prisons, (2) to investigate risk behaviors for Hepatitis-B and (3) to describe characteristics of person who have tattoos.
Methods. This retrospective study consisted of a self-administered survey, and an ELISA blood test for viral hepatitis B. The study sample consisted of all 1/2001 privates at Adisorn Fort Hospital Saraburi who had tattoos (n1=46) and simple random sampling of another group of 46 volunteer privates who did not have tattoos.
All privates (N = 92) were male, age 22.88; 1.41 years, 67 (72.8%) had graduated from elementary and high school, 29 were positive for Hepatitis-B antibodies (31.5%), 41 (44.6%) had sex with prostitutes, 3 (3.3%) did not use condom, 4 (4.3%) shared razors, 1 (1.1%) shared needles, 25 (27.2%) had been in jail, 87 (94.6%) drank alcohol, 43 (46.7%) had used amphetamines. 20 (28.6%) had tattoos on 2 arms. 10 (14.3%) had tattoo on their back, 9 (19.6%) obtained their tattoos while in prison, 15 (32.6%) had a tattoo that was greater than 20% of the body’s surface area. There was an association between skin tattoo and Hepatitis B (Chi Square, p<.01, OR: 15:9, 95%CI: 1.97-128.16), and an association between skin tattoo and having been in prison (Chi Square, p<.01, OR: 6.3, 95%CI: 2.1-18.8), There was no association between having been in jail and Hepatitis-B. Logistic regression was employed to find factors for Hepatitis-B. The variables that were associated with Hepatitis-B (<.05) were entered procedure to identify association with Hepatitis-B. Hit rate was 87.9, Pseudo R Square 0.464, Skin tattoos, a history of a family member with Hepatitis-B, and sharing needles increased the chance of getting Hepatitis-B.
There was a significantly association between skin tattoos and Hepatitis-B. Ministry of Public Health should control hand hygene in tattoos business.