Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (2004): Supplement 2:
2nd International Congress on Traditional Medicine and Materia Medica
Jorjanie and Zakhireh Kharazmshahi
Taavoni S., Parsaie F.
Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN
Jorjanie was born in 433 AH. Elgod said: there is no exact information about his birth place and his date of birth is in the middle of 11th century. He was a student of Ebn Abi Sadegh, the famous Iranian physician. Ebn Abi Sadegh joined the two famous Iranian physicians because he was student of Avicenna for some time and at the end of his life he had a student, which was brilliant and intelligent enough to learn anything his teacher, could teach him. This student was Jorjanie. Jorjanie went to Kharazm from Jorjan when he was very young. There he started to work for the first king of khaeazmian (Ghotbodine Mohamad Ebn Anoushtakin) He lived in the same century as Sultan Sanjar. He lived in Marve for many years. He died in the same time in 535 AH. Elgod said: he died in 1136- 1140. His famous book Zakhireh Kharazmshahi consists of nine books. It is as tick as canon of Avicenna, but slightly smaller than Content of Rhases. His sixth book is about Gynecological disease.
Zakhireh Kharazmshahi is one of the most famous books of traditional medicine of Iran, which consists of practical and theoretical medicine in nine chapters. The chapters are health, general disease, anatomy, treatment, differential diagnosis, disease, fractures and surgery, toxins, anti toxins and drugs. Jorjanie wrote five important books, which Zakhireh Kharazmshahi is the most important. This book after Rhases’s and Avicenna’s books is in the third place, which had been used by medical students.
Zakhireh Kharazmshahi is an important book because of its technique in writing and it can be used as an encyclopedia and contains standard technical medical vocabularies. Jorjanie tactfully joined Arabic synonym words of Rhases and Avicenna words used commonly in the books of these writers.
This article looks briefly at certain chapters of Zakhireh Kharazmshahi of Jorjanie.