Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (2004): Supplement 2:
2nd International Congress on Traditional Medicine and Materia Medica
Management of dental ache in Ghanoon
Ghodrati L., Heidarnia M.A.
Department of Social Medicine, Medical Faculty, Shaheed Beheshti Medical Sciences University
With due regard to the side effects of some modern medications in the recent years, attentions have been drawn to some other alternatives such as herbal medicine. The latter drives from traditional and eastern medicine. Pioneers such as Avicenna are at the center of eastern, Iranian and Islamic medicine.
This research aims at drawing attention of physicians, dentists and researchers to the subjects brought in dental aches in Ghanoon by Avicenna.
In this work different parts of book Nos.1-5 Avicenna, which are regarding oral and dental chapters, have been selected and chosen. Avicenna has paid attention to oral and dental aches in the modern framework and based on the medical principles of the today's methods. In the first step, he focuses on the primary prevention and presents 8 principles such as:
1- Non-eating and drinking of some foods and beverages.
2- Good chewing of sweet foodstuff.
3- Avoiding breaking hard subject by tooth.
4- Avoiding using materials that slackens the tooth.
In the second step, for more and better treatment, Avicenna divides dental aches into some main groups and describes them in full details.
1- Dental-related aches.
2- Dental nerves-related aches.
3- Gingival related aches.
In Ghanoon, in addition to above anatomical classification, divides dental aches, physiologically (element, attitudes and humors), into three different kinds:
1- Bad temperament resulting from coldness and warmness.
2- Dry temperament resulting from lack of nutrients' receipt.
3- Bad temperament accompanied by abscess and emphysema.
In Ghanoon, and for curing toothaches, other treating ways and sometimes, pulling out of tooth has been recommended.
Dentistry discussions in GHANOON can create and establish suitable research and approrriate investigations specifically in dental audiopathic pains (achings) upon pharmacologic and clinical detection can utilize plant medicine (herbal pharmacogonsy)