Document Type: Research article
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119, Haryana, India.
Department of Pharmacy, Oman Medical College, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (SPER), Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, 110062, India.
We report herein the synthesis of ¾ substituted benzene sulfonamides linked via phenyl ring to a benzothiazole moiety. The title compounds in the two series namely N-(4-(benzothiazole-2-yl) phenyl) 4- substituted benzene sulfonamides and N-(4-(benzothiazole-2-yl) phenyl) 3- substituted benzene sulfonamides were synthesized by condensing 2-(3/4-aminophenyl) benzothiazole with various substituted sulfonyl chlorides. The synthesized compounds were subjected to neurotoxicity screening, computational studies, and evaluation of their anticonvulsant potential. Amongst all the synthesized compounds, compound 9 emerged as the most potent anticonvulsant agent in maximal electroshock (MES) model (standard: phenytoin) in mice and showed three hydrogen bond interactions with the nicotinic acetylcholine ion gated receptors (PDB ID: 2BG9). Interestingly, compound 13 showed five hydrogen bond interactions with the target protein and thus excellent binding affinity upon computational analysis but was found to be neurotoxic.