Effects of Parenteral Vitamin D on the Biomarkers of the Endothelial Function in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Ischemic Heart Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Cardiovascular diseases, in turn, are responsible for mortality of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We investigated whether a single parenteral dose of 25(OH) Vit D could improve the endothelial function in T2D patients with ischemic heart disease. A randomized, placebo-controlled, and double-blind trial was performed on 112 patients randomly divided into vitamin D (n = 55) and placebo (n = 57) groups. A randomization table was used to administer a single dose of either vitamin D (300000 IU) or a matching placebo, intramuscularly. The levels of 25(OH Vit D, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) were measured at baseline and at 8 weeks. In the supplemented group, the level of serum 25(OH) Vit D was increased significantly (29.6 ± 20.8 vs. 44.5 ± 19.2 ng/mL; P < 0.05), whereas no changes were observed in the placebo group. Within the supplemented group, before and after vitamin D intervention no significant changes in the levels of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were observed. Expectedly, the level of 25(OH Vit D increased significantly in the supplemented group. The marginal means of the outcome variables (ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and 25(OH) Vit D) were compared between the groups using ANCOVA, adjusted for the baseline of each variable itself: no significant difference was seen in the markers of the endothelial function. A single parenteral dose of vitamin D in T2D patients with ischemic heart disease failed to show improvement in endothelial function.
 

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