Document Type: Research article
Department of Clinical Research and EM Microscope, Pasteur Institute of Iran (PII), Tehran, Iran.
Department of Medical Nanotechnology and Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Islamic Azad University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU), Tehran, Iran.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) cause common warts, laryngeal papilloma and genital condylomata and might lead to development of cervical cancer. Lactoferrin (LF) is a member of the transferrin family, which has antiviral activity against HPV-16. LF is an important player in the defense against pathogenic microorganisms and has also been shown to have activity against several viruses including herpesvirus, adenovirus, rotavirus and poliovirus. Bovine LF has been reported to be a more potent inhibitor of HPV entry in compare to human LF. The goal of the present study is to formulate, evaluate and optimize transfersomal vesicles as a non-invasive transdermal delivery system which assumed to be a suitable for treatment of genital warts. Transfersomes have been prepared by two methods including reverse phase evaporation and thin film hydration with different ratios of cholesterol: lecithin: DOTAP in the presence of SDS or Tween 80. The transferosomes were then evaluated regarding size, polydispersity and LF loading. In vitro release studies in pH 5.3 and 7.4, stability evaluation in 4° C and 25° C and TEM imaging has been performed on optimized transferosomal lactoferrin. The optimized transferosomes were found to have 100 nm sizes with good polydispersity index and encapsulation efficiency of 91% for lactoferrin as well as sustained release of lactoferrin during 24 hours. Transferosomal lactoferrin efficacy was evaluated by MTT assay. It was seen that the viral inhibitory concentration (IC50) of transfersomal lactoferrin has been significantly improved to nearly one tenth in comparison to free lactoferrin.