A New Potentiometric Sensor for Determination and Screening Phenylalanine in Blood Serum Based on Molecularly Imprinted Polymer

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tehran Central Branch, Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Methods routinely utilized for detection of phenylalanine in new-born blood consist of enzymatic assays, lacking sensitivity and HPLC assays which are expensive and time-consuming to conduct. We, here, report for the first time, the construction of a phenylalanine sensitive electrode, on the basis of a selective molecularly imprinted polymer, offering sensitivity, economy and ease of use for the measurement of phenylalanine .The sensor was constructed of a graphite-rod electrode which was coated by MIP embedded polymer base made from polyvinyl chloride and plasticizer mixture, dissolved in THF. At optimized conditions the electrode revealed a Nernstian response 29.73 ± 1.0 mV decade-1 in a concentration range of 1 × 10⁻⁸ to 1 × 10-4 M with detection limit of 5 × 10⁻⁹ M. The potential response of the electrode was constant in the pH range of 4.0–7.5. The electrode unfolded a response time of ~20 sec. The selectivity coefficient of the sensor towards a number of different amino acids with molecular similarities and some metal ions was evaluated. The sensor was successfully used for determination of phenylalanine in blood serum and the results were in good compatibility with HPLC method.

Keywords

Main Subjects