Biological Activities and Phytochemical Study of Pedicularis wilhelmsiana Fisch Ex. From Iran

Document Type : Research article


1 Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Department of Phytopharmacy, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.


This research paper presents findings of an investigation about antibacterial effect of methanol/water fractions as well as cytotoxic activity of the extracts obtained from Pedicularis wilhelmsiana (Scrophulariaceae) which grows in Azarbaijan/Iran by agar well diffusion method and brine shrimp lethality test successively. Phytochemical study of this plant was determined as well. A combination of solid-phase extraction (SPE), preparative reversed-phase HPLC analysis and spectroscopic means were applied for fractionation, purification, and identification of ingredients respectively. Antimicrobial test demonstrated that 40% and 60% methanol/water fractions were more active than methanolic extract and other SPE fractions. No cytotoxic effect was detected from the extracts of this plant by brine shrimp lethality assay. Phytochemical study of aerial parts of P. wilhelmsiana afforded two phenylethanoids (verbascoside and martynoside), three iridoids (Aucubin, ipolamiid, 5-hydroxy-8-epi-loganin) and two flavonoids (luteolin, luteolin-7-glucoside) along with mannitol on the basis of spectral evidences (UV, 1H and 13CNMR) as well as comparison with literature data. The findings of this research supported further studies related to antibiotic potential of methanolic extract of P. wilhelmsiana.


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