Document Type: Research article
Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, 80161, Thailand.
Department of Medical Technology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, 80161 Thailand.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand.
Garcinia schomburgkiana, locally known in Thailand as an edible fruit “Ma-dan”, is a plant species of the Clusiaceae family which has been reported as sources of a variety of compounds with biological activities. In the phytochemical studies of Ma-dan, four xanthones were, for the very first time, isolated from the branch acetone extract of G. schomburgkiana. Their structures were determined through the analysis of spectroscopic data (1H, 13C-NMR, IR and MS) and the comparison with those previously reported. Dihydroosajaxanthone (1), an original synthetic xanthone, is reported herein for the first time as a naturally occurring xanthone, together with three known xanthones: xanthochymone A (2), 1,3,7-trihydroxy-2-(3-hydroxy-3-methylbutyl) xanthone (3) and 1,3,5,6-tetrahydroxyxanthone (4). These compounds, especially dihydroosajaxanthone (1), might be considered as chemotaxonomic markers of the Garcinia genus.