The Synergistic Effects of Celecoxib and Sodium Valproate on Apoptosis and Invasiveness Behavior of Papillary Thyroid Cancer Cell Line In-vitro

Document Type : Research article


1 Diagnostic Laboratory Sciences and Technology Research Center, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Biotechnology Department, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.


Metastasis to lymph nodes and distant organs is the main challenge in the treatment of papillary thyroid cancer. In the current investigation, we aimed to evaluate the synergistic effects of celecoxib (CX) and sodium valproate (VPA) against cell survival, invasiveness properties, and expression of metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9) in  papillary thyroid cancer cell line, BCPAP cells. The effect of CX and VPA on B-CPAP cells viability and apoptosis were investigated using MTT assay and annexin V/7-AAD flowcytometry, respectively. The effects of the drugs on invasiveness properties of B-CPAP cells and expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were evaluated using transwell assay and real time PCR, respectively. MTT assay showed that CX and VPA decreased viability of B-CPAP cells dose dependently (IC50 32.4µM and 6.8 mM, respectively). Combination of CX (5 μm) and VPA (2.5 and 5 mM) increased apoptosis, and reduced cell migration and invasion of B-CPAP cell, synergistically. Real time PCR results showed that both CX (5 µM) and VPA (2.5 and 5 mM) reduced MMP-2 expression (P < 0.05) but had no significant effects on the expression of MMP-9. Our findings suggest that CX and VPA synergistically increase apoptosis and suppress migration and invasion of B-CPAP cells through inhibition of MMP-2 expression. 


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