The effects of berberis vulgaris juice on insulin indices in women with benign breast disease: a randomized controlled trial

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Nutrition Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Surgery Ward, Nour-Nejat Hospital, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

5 Department of Biochemistry and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Berberis vulgaris (BV) juice consumption on insulin homeostasis, glycemic profiles of patients with benign breast disease (BBD).
SUBJECTS/METHODS: This parallel design, triple-blind, randomized and placebo controlled clinical trial was conducted on 85 eligible women diagnosed with BBD who recruited from Nour-Nejat hospital, Tabriz, Iran. Participants were randomly allocated into either intervention group who received BV juice (480 ml/day, n=44) or BV juice placebo group at the same time (480 ml/day, n=41). After a 7 day run-in period, treatments were administered for the duration of 8 weeks. Participants, care givers and those who assessed laboratory analyses were blinded to the assignments (IRCT registry no: IRCT2012110511335N2).
RESULTS: The relative treatment effects of BV supplementation showed decreased serum levels of insulin for 19%, C-peptide for 8%, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) for 16% and glucose to insulin ratio for 22% but HOMA-B increased 44% relative to placebo group over 8 weeks BV supplementation. Although these changes were not statistical significant, the mean changes for C-peptide and HOMA-B were significant just after adjusting for baseline data and covariates.
CONCLUSIONS: Administration of BV juice showed controlling effects on HOMA related indices, consequently might have beneficial effects on insulin signaling-related functions in women with benign breast tumor.

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