The cardioprotective effects of 4-O-(2″-O-acetyl-6″-O- p-coumaroyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-p-coumaric acid (4-ACGC) on chronic heart failure

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Cardiology, Liaocheng People’s Hospital of Shandong Province, Liaocheng 252000, China

2 Department of Emergency, Liaocheng People’s Hospital of Shandong Province, LiaoCheng 252000, China

Abstract

The 4-ACGC isolated from BP was prepared to investigate the cardioprotective effects on attenuating chronic heart failure in vivo and in vitro. A chronic heart failure (CHF) rat model was established to investigate the cardioprotective effects of 4-ACGC. From this, several cardiac function indexes were recorded. The inflammatory markers including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Subsequently, serum levels of myocardial enzymes lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) were also assessed by ELISA kits. Ultimately, the cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of 4-ACGC were further verified on CMECs. The results showed that the treatment of 4-ACGC significantly reduced cardiac hypertrophy and reversed the Ejection Fraction (EF), Heart Rate (HR), Fractional Shortening(FS) and Cardiac Output (CO) changes in CHF rats. The treatment of 4-ACGC could effectively inhibit the inflammatory cytokines induced by CHF. It’s also showed that a reverse effect of 4-ACGC on serum increased levels of LDH and CK in CHF rats. The increased levels of IL-1β and IL-6 stimulated by TNF-α on CMECs were also decreased after treating with 4-ACGC. The present study provided experimental evidence that 4-ACGC possessed obvious cardioprotective effects on attenuating CHF. 4-ACGC could suppress the expression of inflammatory mediators and myocardial enzymes, which might be one of the mechanisms.

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