Optimization of Culture Conditions for Enrichment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with Dl-α-Tocopherol by Response Surface Methodology

Document Type : Research article


1 Department of Biology, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Designing enriched probiotic supplements may have some advantages including protection of probiotic microorganism from oxidative destruction, improving enzyme activity of the gastrointestinal tract and probably increasing half-life of micronutrient. In this study Saccharomyces cerevisiae enriched with α-tocopherol produced as an accumulator and transporter of a lipid soluble vitamin for the first time. By using one variable at the time screening studies, three independent variables were selected. Optimization of the level of dl-α-tocopherol entrapment in S. cerevisiae cells was performed by using Box-Benkhen design via design expert software. A modified quadratic polynomial model appropriately fit the data. The convex shape of three-dimensional plots reveal that we could calculate the optimal point of the response in the range of parameters.The optimum points of independent parameters to maximize the response were dl-α-tocopherol initial concentration of 7625.82µg/ml, sucrose concentration of 6.86 % w/v, and shaking speed of 137.70 rpm. Under these conditions, the maximum level of dl-α-tocopherol in dry cell weight of S. cerevisiae was 5.74µg/g. The resemblance between the R-squared and adjusted R-squared and acceptable value of C.V% revealed acceptability and accuracy of the model.


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