Development of DOTA-Rituximab kit formulation to be labeled with 90Y for radioimmunotherapy of B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Radiation application research school, Nuclear Science and Technology research Institute (NSTRI). 14395-836 Tehran, Iran

2 PET/CT unit, Ferdous Nuclear Medicine Center, Dr Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Radiation application research school, Nuclear Science and Technology research Institute (NSTRI). 14395-836 Tehran, Iran.

4 Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

Abstract

NHL is the most common hematologic cancer in adults. Rituximab is the FDA approved treatment of relapsed or refractory low grade B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL). But patients eventually become resistant to rituximab. Since lymphocytes and lymphoma cells are highly radiosensitive, low grade NHL that has relapsed or refractory to standard therapy is treated by RIT in which a beta-emitting radionuclide coupled to anti-CD20 antibody. The association of beta emitter radionuclide to rituximab enhances its therapeutic efficacy. The cells which lack antigen or cells which cannot be reached due to poor vascularization and intratumoral pressure in a bulky tumor would be irradiated and killed by cross fire effect of beta emitter. 90Y, a pure high energy -emitter with a half-life of 64 h, a maximum energy of 2.28 MeV, and maximum board of 11.3 mm in tissue is radionuclide of choice for radioimmunotherapy of outpatient administration.
In this study, rituximab was conjugated to DOTA and radiolabeled with 90YCl3. The stability, affinity, and immunoreactivity of radiolabeled antibody was determined in vitro and the conditions were optimized. Biodistribution studies were done in normal mice. The optimum conditions of conjugation and radiolabeling was 1-2 hr at 37C and 1 hr at 45C, respectively. Results showed approximately 4 DOTA molecules conjugated per antibody molecule. The purified antibody was stable and intact over 6 months stored at -20C. The result of immunoreactivity (70%), affinity (3 nM) and biodistribution in normal mice are acceptable.

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