Development of novel potentiometric sensors for determination of lidocaine hydrochloride in pharmaceutical preparations, serum and urine samples

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute

2 Cairo University

Abstract

This article is focused on the determination of lidocaine hydrochloride as a local anaesthetic drug. A potentiometric method based on modified screen-printed and modified carbon paste ion-selective electrodes was described for the determination of lidocaine hydrochloride in different pharmaceutical preparations. It was based on potentiometric titration of lidocaine hydrochloride using modified screen-printed and carbon paste electrodes as end point indicator sensors. The influences of the paste composition, different conditioning parameters and foreign ions on the electrodes performance were investigated and response times of the electrodes were studied. The electrodes showed Nernstian response of 58.9 and 57.5 mV decade-1 in the concentration range of 1×10-7–1×10-2 and 6.2×10-7–1×10-2 mol L-1 for modified screen-printed and carbon paste electrodes, respectively. The electrodes were found to be usable within the pH range of 2.0–8.0 and 2.0-7.5, exhibited a fast response time (about 6 and 9s), low detection limit (1×10-7 and 6.2×10-7 mol L-1), long lifetime (6 and 4 months) and good stability for modified screen-printed (Electrode VII) and carbon paste electrodes (Electrode III), respectively. The electrodes were successfully applied for the determination of lidocaine hydrochloride in pure solutions, pharmaceutical preparation and biological fluids (urine and serum) samples. The results obtained applying these potentiometric electrodes were comparable with British pharmacopeia. The method validation parameters were optimized and the method can be applied for routine analysis of lidocaine hydrochloride drug.

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