Synthesis of titanium dioxide nanoparticles using Echinacea purpurea herba

Document Type: Research article


Department of Industrial Products Quality and Ecology, Faculty of Commodity Science, Poznan University of Economics, al. Niepodległości 10, 61-875 Poznan, Poland


Nowadays green synthesis of metal nanoparticles is a developing area of research. In this study, titanium dioxide nanoparticles were biosynthesized using an aqueous solution of Echinacea purpurea herba extract as a bioreductant. This is novel and interesting method for synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles. The prepared titanium dioxide nanoparticles were characterized using ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV-VIS), transmission electron microscopy (SEM), total reflection X-Ray fluorescence analysis (TXRF) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The size of TiO2 nanoparticles was found to be in the range of 120 nm. Moreover, the alkaline reaction of the solution (pH=8) resulted in the increase in absorbance (280 nm), which facilitates the growth of the number of TiO2 nanoparticles in the studied solution. Also, synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles using green resources like Echinacea purpurea herba is a better alternative to chemical synthesis, since this green synthesis is pollutant-free and eco-friendly.


Main Subjects