QSAR studying of oxidation behavior of Benzoxazines as an important pharmaceutical property

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 golestan university

2 azad mashad university

Abstract

In this work the electrooxidation half-wave potentials of some Benzoxazines were predicted from their structural molecular descriptors by using quantitative structure-property relationship (QSAR) approaches. The dataset consist the half-wave potential of 40 benzoxazine derivatives which were obtained by DC-polarography. Descriptors which were selected by stepwise multiple selection procedure are: HOMO energy, partial positive surface area, maximum valency of carbon atom, relative number of hydrogen atoms and maximum electrophilic reaction index for nitrogen atom. These descriptors were used for development of multiple linear regression (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN) models. The statistical parameters of MLR model are standard errors of 0.016 and 0.018 for training and test sets, respectively. Also, these values are 0.012 and 0.017 for training and test sets of ANN model, respectively. The predictive power of these models was further examined by leave-eight-out cross validation procedure. The obtained statistical parameters are Q2= 0.920 and SPRESS= 0.020 for MLR model and Q2= 0.949 and SPRESS= 0.015 for ANN model, which reveals the superiority of ANN over MLR model. Moreover, the results of sensitivity analysis on ANN model indicate that the order of importance of descriptors is: Relative number of H atom > HOMO energy > Maximum electrophyl reaction index for N atom > Partial positive surface area (order-3) > maximum valency of C atom.

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