Neutralization Capacity of Monovalant Antivenom Against Existing Lethal Scorpions in The Turkish Scorpiofauna

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 TİTCK

2 t

Abstract

In this study, Mesobuthus gibbosus and Mesobuthus eupeus eupeus venom samples were compared for lethality, in vivo effects and proteins. Neutralization capacity of monovalent Androctonus crassicauda antivenom (RSHA anti-Ac) was tested against the lethal effects of the venoms.
Venom was obtained from mature scorpions by electrical stimulation of the telson. The lethality of the venom and potency of horse RSHA anti-Ac were determined in Swiss mice. The protein profiles of the scorpion venoms were analysed by NuPAGE® 4–12% Bis-Tris gradient gel followed by Coomassie blue staining. Western blotting was performed to determine immunogenic compounds in the venom samples.
The median lethal doses of M. e. eupeus, M.gibbosus scorpion and A.crassicauda venoms were found to be 1.92 mg/kg by i.v., 0.67 mg/kg and 0.24 mg/kg by s.c., respectively.
A.crassicauda venom was used as control for confirm to neutralization capacity of RSHA anti-Ac. One millilitre of the RSHA anti-Ac neutralises 23 LD50 of M. e. eupeus, 32 LD50 of M.gibbosus and 42 LD50 of A. crassicauda venom in mice. Analysis of electrophoresis indicates that three scorpion venoms posses low molecular weight proteins. Immunoblotting indicated that RSHA anti-Ac strongly reacted with both the specific venom and Mesobuthus species venoms which have antigenic similarity.
Result of our study showed that M.e. eupeus and M.gibbosus could be medically important scorpions for humans, particullary children. The RSHA anti-Ac can be used in the treatment of envenomation by M. e.eupeus and M.gibbosus scorpion stings.

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