Rapid Extracellular Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles by Cunninghamella phaeospora Culture Supernatant

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Biological and Geological Sciences, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University

2 Department of Biological and Geological Sciences , Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Roxy 11757, Cairo, Egypt

3 Department of Chemistry , Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Roxy 11757, Cairo, Egypt

4 Department of Biological and Geological Sciences Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Roxy 11757, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract

The development of green approaches for the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is of prime significance in the field of nanotechnology research. A fast and eco-friendly protocol for the biosynthesis of extracellular AgNPs using culture supernatant (CS) from the fungus Cunninghamella phaeospora was studied in this work. This CS was proved as a potential new source for the extracellular biosynthesis of AgNPs. The AgNPs were formed at 100oC and pH 9 within four min of contact between CS and 1mM silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution. Nitrate reductase (NR) was confirmed to play a pivotal role in the biosynthesis of AgNPs. The enzyme expressed its highest activity at 80oC and pH 9. At 100oC the enzyme retained 70% of its original activity for one hour. The half-life (T1/2) of the enzyme activity was calculated to be 1.55 h confirming its thermostability. The produced AgNPs were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, high resolution-transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD). These NPs showed an absorption peak at 415 nm in UV-Vis spectrum corresponding to the plasmon resonance of AgNPs. Transmission electron micrographs revealed the production of monodispersed spherical NPs with average particle size 14 nm. XRD spectrum of the NPs confirmed the formation of metallic crystalline silver. It was also suggested that the aromatic amino acids play a role in the biosynthesis process.The current research provided an insight on the green biosynthesis of AgNPs including some mechanistic aspects using a new mycogenic source.

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