1Dept. of Pharm. Tech, Jadavpur University, Kolkata
2Natreon Inc, Salt Lake City, Kolkata
3Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata
Abstract The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the antiproliferative and apoptogenic mechanistic studies of methanol extract of Anthocephalus cadamba (MEAC) on Dalton’s lymphoma ascites (DLA) cells treated mice. Determination of antiproliferative activity was performed by using different DLA cells (2×106 cells, i.p.) inoculated mice groups (n=12). Groups were treated for 14 consecutive days with MEAC at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg b.w. respectively. The mechanism of antiproliferation activity of MEAC was investigated through morphological studies by acridine orange (AO)/ethidium bromide (EB) double staining method. Comet assay was estimated to check the DNA damage induced apoptosis property. Furthermore, flow cytometry (FACS) was used to quantitatively detect the apoptotic rate by double labeling techniques using Annexin-V FITC/propidium iodide staining analysis and apoptotic proteins expression done by western blotting assay method. MEAC exhibited significant (p<0.01) decrease the tumor volume, viable cell count, tumor weight and elevated the life span of DLA tumor bearing mice. Analysis of AO/EB staining and flow cytometry showed that MEAC possessed apoptosis induced antitumor activity on DLA cells in a dose dependant manner. Dose dependent induction of DNA damage on DLA cells were observed after MEAC treatment, which was evident from the appearance of comet tail length. Pro-apoptotic gene, Bax was up-regulated and down-regulation of the Bcl-2/Bax ratio, suggesting that Bcl-2 family involved in the control of apoptosis. Experimental results revealed that MEAC possess potent antitumor activity via induction of cancer cell apoptosis mechanism.