Secondary metabolites and biological activities of Talaromyces sp. LGT-2, an endophytic fungus from Tripterygium wilfordii

Document Type: Research article

Authors

Lanzhou University of Technology

Abstract

Abstract
In the present study, eleven compounds (1-11) including nine alkaloids (1-9), one triterpenoid saponin (10) and one formamide (11) were isolated from Talaromyces sp. LGT-2, an endophytic fungus from Tripterygium wilfordi. Their structures were determined based on NMR and ESI-MS spectral data, as well as comparing with previous literature data. This is the first report of the isolation of alkaloids (1-9) from Talaromyces genus. In the next step, all compounds were screened for their anti-monoamine oxidase, anti-acetylcholinesterase, antibacterial and antitumor activities. Compound 11 showed moderate anti-monoamine oxidase activity with IC50 value of 61 μM; compounds 3, 4, 8 showed weaker anti-acetylcholinesterase activity; compounds 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9 showed moderate antibacterial activities; compounds 7, 8, 9 showed cytotoxicity against B16 cancer cell line with inhibitory rate of 86%, 82%, 78%, respectively, at the concentration of 500 μg/mL.

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