Teratogenic Effect of Verbascoside, Main Constituent of Lippia citriodora Leaves, in Mice

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 1Pharmaceutical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Departments of Pharmacodynamics and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Pharmaceutical Research Center; Medical Toxicology Research Center; Department of Pharmacodynamics and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy; Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4 Medical Toxicology Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Departments of Pharmacodynamics and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

6 Mashhad

Abstract

Verbascoside (acteoside), a phenyl propanoid glycoside, comprises 0.5 to 3.5% dry weight of Lippia citriodora leaves. A wide range of biological activities are attributed to verbascoside including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, anti-fungal, photoprotective as well as chelating effects. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of verbascoside on pregnancy outcome in mice. Timed-pregnant mice received doses of 1g/kg/day verbascoside or the vehicle control during organogenesis, intraperitoneally. Maternal body weights were measured throughout pregnancy. The litters were examined for external malformations and skeletal abnormalities. Then they were stained with Alizarin red S and Alcian blue. Maternal exposure to verbascoside throughout pregnancy did not influence the mean of maternal weight gain. Statistically significant difference was not found in mean number of implantation sites, live and resorbed fetuses between control and experiment groups. Our data demonstrate that the main component of L. citriodora, verbascoside using during organogenesis possesses no risk to fetuses. However, more research projects are needed to confirm these findings and determine the exact effects of verbascoside on human embryo development.

Keywords

Main Subjects