Document Type: Research article
Genetic Research Center in Non-Communicable Disease, Zahedan University of Medical sciences
Hematology Research Center, Shiraz University of MedicalSciences, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Hematology, Allied Medical School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Factor XIII deficiency (FXIIID) is an extremely rare hemorrhagic disorder with a prevalence of 1/3-5 million. Management of disease is performed by fresh frozen plasma (FFP), Cryoprecipitate (CP) or FXIII concentrate (Fibrogammin P®). Our objective was to assess safety and effectiveness of Fibrogammin P® in patients with FXIIID. For this purpose we designed this long-term follow up study on a large group of patients with FXIIID.
This prospective study was conducted on 213 patients with FXIIID since 2009 to 2013. Administrated dose for Fibrogammin P® according to clinical situations of patients ranged from 10 to 26 IU/kg every 4 – 6 weeks. All patients in 6-month intervals were checked for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis A, B and C viruses (HAV, HBV, HCV).
Twelve percent of participants had at least one ICH episode until 2008 but after administration of Fibrogammin P® did not have any major bleeding or episode of ICH, except in one patient. We also had 7 females with recurrent miscarriage that were managed successfully with a dose of 10 to 26 IU/kg every 4 – 6 weeks. This dose also was quite successful in management of major and minor surgery. None of the participants showed allergic reaction during treatment. A total of 7155450 IU of Fibrogammin P® were infused but nobody was positive for HIV, HAV, HBV, and HCV. We found that Fibrogammin P® is a safe and effective therapeutic choice in management of FXIIID.