Biological Activity and Phytochemical Study of Scutellaria platystegia

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 1 Drugs Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran 2 School of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran,

2 Drugs Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran School of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran,

3 School of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

4 Medical Philosophy and History Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

This study aimed to determine biological activity and phytochemical study of Scutellaria platystegia (family Labiatae). Methanolic (MeOH) extract of aerial parts of S. platystegia and SPE fractions of methanolic extract (specially 20% and 40% methanolic fractions), growing in East-Azarbaijan province of Iran were found to have radical scavenging activity by DPPH (2, 2-diphenyl -1- pycryl hydrazyl) assay. Dichloromethane (DCM) extract of this plant exhibited animalaria activity by cell free method providing IC50 at 1.1876 mg/ml. Crude extracts did not exhibit any toxicity assessed by brine shrimp lethality assay.
Phytochemical study of methanolic extract by using reverse phase HPLC method and NMR instrument for isolation and identification of pure compounds respectively, yielded 2-(4- hydroxy phenyl) ethyl-O-β-D- glucopyranoside from 10% and Apigenin 7-O-glucoside, verbascoside and martynoside from 40% SPE fraction. Occurance of verbascoside and martynoside as biochemical markers appeared to be widespread in this genus.
Antioxidant and antimalarial activity of MeOH and DCM extracts respectively as well as no general toxicity of them could provide a basis for further in vitro and in vivo studies and clinical trials to develop new therapeutical alternatives.

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