Cardioprotective Effects of Essential Oil of Lavandula angustifolia on Isoproterenol-induced Acute Myocardial Infarction in Rat

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Pharmacology, Miyaneh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Miyaneh, Iran

2 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Department of Botanical Science, Miyaneh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Miyaneh, Iran

4 3. Student Research Committee; Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

5 2. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

6 Student Research Committee; Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

7 -

Abstract

Myocardial infarction (MI) is a common presentation of the ischemic heart disease. Lavandula angustifolia is a herbaceous plant with antioxidative effects.This study was designed to investigate the cardioprotective effects of lavandula angustifolia essential oil against isoproterenol-induced MI in rats.The dried sample was subjected to hydrodistillation by using a Clevenger and the oils were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. Male wistar rats were assigned to 6 groups of control, sham, isoproterenol and treatment with 5, 10, 20 mg/kg of the essential oil. MI was induced by subcutaneous injection of Isoproterenol (100mg/kg) for 3 consecutive days at an interval of 24h. The essential oil was given intraperitonealy every 24h started at MI induction. Following anaesthesia, hemodynamic parameters were measured. After sacrificing the animals, the hearts were removed to measure the heart to body weight ratio and histopathological examination. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and Malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured in heart tissues for evaluating the activity of neutrophils and lipid peroxidation, respectively.The essential oil amended ECG pattern by suppressing ST-segment elevation and increasing R-amplitude. 10mg/kg of the essential oil significantly decreased heart to body weight ratio (P<0.001) and the elevation of MDA and MPO in myocardium, it also increased dp/dtmax from 2793±210 to 4488±253 mmHg/sec (P<0.001), and 20mg/kg of it significantly lowered LVEDP from 14±3.43 to 4.3±0.83 mmHg (P<0.001).The results demonstrated that L. angustifolia protects myocardium against isoproterenol-induced MI that it could be related to its antioxidant properties.

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