Study of the Neuroprotective Effects of Memantine in Patients with Mild to Moderate Ischemic Stroke

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Neurology, Emam Hossein Medical and Educational Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 a- Department of clinical pharmacy, Faculty of pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran b- Emam Hossein Medical and Educational Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Emam Hossein Medical and Educational Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Ischemic stroke is amongst the top four causes of mortality and the leading cause of disability in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a high dose memantine on neurological function of patients with ischemic stroke.
Methods: In a randomized, 2 armed, open-label study, patients with mild to moderate cerebral thromboembolic event (CTEE) who admitted to Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, Iran, during preceding 24 hours, entered the study. Patients allocated in two study groups of memantine (as add-on therapy) and control. All patients were managed based on the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) guidelines. Patients in memantine group received conventional treatment plus memantine 20mg TID. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was determined and recorded daily. The primary objective was comparison of the changes in NIHSS in the study groups at day 1 and day 5 of intervention. Significance level of pResults: Patients were randomly allocated in control (15 women and 14 men, age 70.78±10.92 years) and memantine (16 women and 8 men, age 73.33±9.35 years) groups. There were no significant differences in age and sex distribution of two study groups as well as in comorbidities and concurrent drugs. NIHSS changes were significantly different between control (1.24±0.96) and memantine group (2.96±0.1), (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: Our results reveal that memantine added to standard treatment of CTEE could result in a remarkable decrease in the NIHSS confirming improvement of the neurological function of the patients.

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