Challenges to Design and Develop of DNA Aptamers for Protein Targets. I. Optimization of Asymmetric PCR for Generation of a Single Stranded DNA Library

Document Type : Supplement (special issue)

Authors

1 Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Department, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Student's Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Biotechnology Department, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

6 Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Derpartment, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Aptamers, or single stranded oligonucleotides, are produced by systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment, abbreviated as SELEX. In the amplification and regeneration step of SELEX technique, dsDNA is conversed to ssDNA. Asymmetric PCR is one of the methods used for the generation of ssDNA. The purpose of this study was to design a random DNA library for selection of aptamers with high affinity for protein targets and develop an efficient asymmetric PCR amplification. Thus, the influence of factors including annealing temperature, number of amplification cycles, primer ratio, Mg2+ concentration and the presence of a PCR enhancer on the amplification of the desired product were evaluated. Results obtained by agarose gel electrophoresis showed that the annealing temperature of 64C, Mg2+ concentration of 0.25mM, reverse to forward primer ratio of 15:1, amplification cycle of 25 and the presence L-ectoin as a PCR enhancer with the concentration of 0.4M were the optimal conditions. Our results supported that the yield of this type of ssDNA production is sufficient for combinatorial screening of aptamers.

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