Simultaneous Measurement of Zinc, Copper, Lead and Cadmium in Baby Weaning Food and Powder Milk by DPASV

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Drug and Food Control, school of Pharmacy, Medical Sciences/University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 aDepartment of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Food and Drug Laboratory Research Center, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 1,.Food and Drug Laboratory Research Center, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.2.cFood Sciences and Medical Hydrology Department, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz,Iran.

6 Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

7 Azad University,Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Apart from the breast milk, infant formula and baby weaning food have a special role in infant diet. Infants and young children are very susceptible to amount of trace elements. Copper and zinc are two elements that add in infant food. Lead and cadmium are heavy metals that enter to food chain unavoidably. DPASV is a benefit and applicable method for measurement of trace elements in food products. In this study, concentration of zinc, copper, lead and cadmium in four brands of baby food (rice and wheat based) and powder milk was analyzed with DPASV and polarograph set. Total Mean SE of zinc, copper, lead and cadmium in baby foods (n=240) were 11.86 1.474 mg/100g, 508.197 83.154 µg/100g, 0.445 0.006, 0.050 0.005 mg/kg respectively. Also these amount in powder milk (n=240) were 3.621 0.529 mg/100g, 403.822 133.953 µg/100g, 0.007 0.003, 0.060 0.040 mg/kg respectively. Zinc level in baby food type I was higher than lablled value (P = 0.030), but in other brands was not difference. Concentration of copper in all of samples was in labeled range (P > 0.05). In each four products, level of lead and cadmium were lower than the standard limit (P<0.05). Amount of zinc and lead in baby food I, had difference versus other products. Concentration of zinc, cadmium in baby food type I, was higher than type II (P= 0.043, 0.001 respectively). Concentration of lead and cadmium in baby food type II, was higher than infant formulas, but are in standard limit.

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