The Effect of Capital Structure on the Profitability of Pharmaceutical Companies The Case of Iran

Document Type : Short Comunication


1 School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Tarbiat Modares University, Management, Tehran, Iran.

3 Facalty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.



Funding combination is the most important issue for the companies while they know the amount of required capital. Companies should be careful regarding the appliance of financial providing methods compatible with the investment strategy of company and profitability. This study seeks to examine the relationship between the capital structure and the profitability of pharmaceutical companies in Iran. For this purpose, top 30 Iranian pharmaceutical companies defined as study samples and their financial data were gathered for the period of 2001-2010. In this study, the net margin profit and debts to asset ratio were used as indicators of profitability and capital structure, respectively and sales growth was used as a control variable. Results showed that there was significant negative relationship between the profitability and the capital structure which means that the pharmaceutical companies have established a Pecking Order Theory and the internal financing has led to more profitability.