Improvement of Capillary Electrophoretic Enantioseparation of Fluoxetine by a Cationic Additive

Document Type : Research article


Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


One of the problems encountered in CE separations of basic compounds is the adsorption of analytes onto the negatively charged capillary wall which could lead to poor repeatability of migration time and peak area. Additionally, separation of enantiomers of chiral of basic drugs is commonly carried out in low pH buffer which contributes to strong ionic interaction of the cationic drug ions with negatively charged chiral selectors. The two phenomena results in poor enantioseparations. To overcome the problems associated with chiral separations of basic drugs by CE, the effect of guanidine (GU) on the improvement of chiral separation of a model basic drug, fluoxetine (FLX), was investigated. In the present study, GU was used as a cationic additive to the running buffer containing a chiral selector, sulfated beta cyclodextrine. Better results obtained with GU as the buffer additive in enantioseparation of FLX.


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