Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease and Nasal Polyp Phenotyping

Document Type : Research article

Authors

1 Otolaryngology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Allergy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

4 Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

5 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

6 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

10.22037/ijpr.2021.114924.15113

Abstract

Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is known by the triad of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), aspirin hypersensitivity, and asthma, but its etiology and physiopathogenesis are still unclear. This cross-sectional study was designed to investigate allergy and inflammatory cells (neutrophils vs. eosinophils) dominancy in nasal polyp tissue of patients with AERD compared to non-AERD patients. CRSwNP patients scheduled for endoscopic sinus surgery were recruited in this study. Nasal polyp tissue was analyzed for infiltrating cells, and Eosinophil dominant and neutrophil dominant polyps were determined. AERD was confirmed by oral aspirin challenge (OAC). Demographics data; history of asthma, exacerbation by using NSAIDs, routine use of aspirin, type of surgery (primary or revision), and results of skin prick test and spirometry were recorded. Pathology results and contributing factors compared between AERD and non-AERD patients. Sixty-five patients (39 women, 26 men) were enrolled in the study (mean age 38.83 ± 12.43 years). Thirty (46%) patients had positive OAC tests. Totally 41 patients (63.1%) had eosinophilic polyps. 80% of patients with eosinophilic polyp had positive OAC and were AERD (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in demographics, revision surgery, and concomitant asthma between AERD and non-AERD groups (P > 0.05). The positive skin prick test was higher in AERD and also in eosinophilic polyp patients, but it was not statistically significant (P = 0.086 and P = 0.177). Eosinophilic polyps are more common in AERD. A positive skin prick test is associated with AERD and eosinophilic polyp.

Graphical Abstract

Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease and Nasal Polyp Phenotyping

Keywords


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