Document Type : Research article
Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharma Management, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Faculty of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
Irrational use of antibiotics as a global health concern has led to excessive treatment costs, failure of treatments, and antimicrobial resistance. Parents’ knowledge of and practice regarding antibiotics are two important factors contributing to the (ir) rational use of antibiotics. This study aimed to evaluate ill children’s parents’ knowledge and practice of prescribed antibiotics. Our subjects included only parents with children up to 12 (inclusive) years of age in Tehran, Iran’s capital. A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted at 203 health care centers in Tehran. Parents’ knowledge was evaluated using a 37-item researcher-made questionnaire, and their practice about antibiotics was measured with a self-stated questionnaire, followed by an observational method to gain a real insight into their practice. SPSS 22 was used to analyze the data.A total of 401 randomly selected parents were enrolled in the study. The average score of parents’ knowledge of antibiotics regarding administration, indications, storage, and antimicrobial resistance was found to be 9.72 out of 17.00. In the self-stated method, an appropriate practice of antibiotic use was reported in 49.4% of participants who also got an average score of 3.95 points out of a total 8. In the observational method, most parents’ practice (68.4%) regarding antibiotic use was found to be acceptable; their average score was 5.93 points out of a total of 10. The findings of this study showed that half of the parents had adopted an acceptable practice regarding antibiotic use.