Efficacy and Safety of Melatonin as an Adjunctive Therapy on Clinical, Biochemical, and Quality Of Life in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Shaheed Rajaei Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran, Iran

10.22037/ijpr.2020.113822.14508

Abstract

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by recurring episodes of inflammation limited to the mucosal layer of the colon. The exact etiology of UC is unknown, but the role of autoimmunity and activated inflammatory cascade is quite clear. Melatonin possesses anti-inflammatory and immune-modulative properties in animal and clinical trials. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral melatonin as an adjudicative therapy in clinical, biochemical, and quality of life in UC patients. Thirty patients diagnosed with mild to moderate UC, were randomly allocated to either receive melatonin (3 mg/d) or the placebo group for three months. Simple clinical colitis activity index (SCCAI), fecal calprotectin (FC), C-reactive protein (CRP), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), and Sf-36 questionnaire have been used for assessment at the baseline and the end of the trial. Melatonin significantly improve SCCAI score, FC, role-emotional, energy and general health relative to placebo (p = 0.03, 0.05, 0.002, 0.032, 0.004 respectively). Regarding CRP, ESR, and the other components of SF-36 there is not any significant difference between melatonin and placebo group. Melatonin supplementation over a three-month period is effective and safe in improving clinical index, FC, and some quality of life in patients with mild to moderate UC.
 

Graphical Abstract

Efficacy and Safety of Melatonin as an Adjunctive Therapy on Clinical, Biochemical, and Quality Of Life in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Keywords