Document Type : Research article
Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Medicinal Plants and Natural Products Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Research Center (ZPNRC), Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
The purpose of the current study was to prepare and characterize the targeted solid lipid nanoparticles(SLNs) containing docetaxel (DTX) for prostate cancer treatment. The goal has been achieved by locating anisamide (Anis) ligand on the surface of SLNs, which can interact with the overexpressed sigma receptor on the prostate cancer cells. DTX loaded SLNs were prepared by high shear homogenization and ultra-sonication method and optimized by applying experimental design. The average particle size and the entrapment efficiency of the optimum DTX-SLN were 174 ± 9.1 nm and 83 ± 3.34%, respectively. The results of differential scanning calorimetry showed that DTX had been dispersed as amorphous in the nanocarriers. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images confirmed the nanoscale size and spherical shape of the nanoparticles. The cytotoxicity studies have demonstrated that IC50 of free drug, DTX-SLN and DTX-SLN-Anis was 0.25 ± 0.01, 0.23 ± 0.02, 0.12 ± 0.01 nM on PC3 cell line and 20.9 ± 3.89, 18.74 ± 7.43, and 14.68 ± 5.70 nM on HEK293 cell line, respectively. Targeted DTX-SLN-Anis was acted more effectively on prostate cancer cells in comparison to DTX-SLN and free drug. The results of this study have depicted that the anti-cancer drug loaded in targeted SLNs can be a promising way for cancer treatment. In addition, performing in-vivo studies will be complementary to these findings.