Protective Effects of Descurainia sophia against Gentamicin Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Gastroenterohepatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Department of Photochemistry, Medicinal Plants and Drug Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Evidence-based Phytotherapy and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

4 Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

5 Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

6 Clinical Research and Development Center, Shahid Modarres Hospital, Department of Nephrology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

10.22037/ijpr.2020.112105.13535

Abstract

Several studies have tried to find an efficient agent to prevent or reverse gentamicin (Gm) induced acute kidney injury (AKI). In this study, we assessed the potential renal protective effects of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl against Gm-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Thirty-five male Wistar rats were categorized in five groups (n = 7 per group). Control group was treated with normal saline. In four experimental groups, the rats were initially treated with normal saline (A), 800 (B), 1600 (C) and 2400 (D) mg/kg Descurainia sophia respectively for 28 days. After that, the rats of experimental groups were treated with Gm (80 mg/Kg) for 7 consecutive days. Blood and urine markers, as well as apoptosis and histological features were determined. Serum BUN, creatinine, cholesterol, and triglycerides level, as well as urinary excretion of Na+ significantly increased in group A. Furthermore, Gm induced inflammatory cells infiltration, apoptosis, and renal cells injuries in rats were pretreated with normal saline (group A). However, in the rats pretreated with Descurainia sophia extract (groups B, C, and D, there were significant and dose-dependent reductions in serum BUN, creatinine, cholesterol and triglyceride, urinary Na+ excretion, apoptosis rate, and inflammatory cells infiltration in renal tissues. Overall, Descurainia sophia showed significant protective effects against Gm-induced AKI by alleviating biochemical and histological markers of renal toxicity.

Graphical Abstract

Protective Effects of Descurainia sophia against Gentamicin Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats

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