Document Type: Research article
Nutrition Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Food and Drug Organization, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Phytochemistry Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
A sensitive method using ion-pair extraction was developed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) for measurement of 4-methylimidazole (4-MI) in NMRI mice plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Detection was done by electrospray positive ionization mass spectrometry in the multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The validation method was applied to quantification of 4-MI in plasma and CSF samples using oral doses of 100, 200, and 300 mg/kg in NMRI mice. The efficiency of the method was evaluated in terms of linearity (R2> 0.99), recovery (98–107%, 3 levels) and precision (8–10%, 3 levels, n = 6). Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were 25 ng/ml and 50 ng/mL, respectively. The results obtained showed that the exposure to oral doses of 4-MI in mice makes different concentrations in plasma and CSF and causes significant changes in mice. This study was the first report for determination of 4-MI in plasma and CSF samples in mice. Our results suggest that LC-MS/MS-based on ion-pair extraction is a robust method with high detection ability for measurement of 4-MI in plasma and CSF samples. Therefore the developed method can be useful for evaluation and monitoring of imidazole derivatives in biological samples.