Association of ABCB1 Gene Polymorphisms and Clopidogrel Responsiveness in Iranian Patients undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Pharmacotherapy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Transplant Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

4 Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

10.22037/ijpr.2020.1101083

Abstract

Clopidogrel is an antiplatelet agent currently used for preventing stent thrombosis. Despite certain clinical benefits of clopidogrel in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), adequate antiplatelet effect has not been obtained in some patients. The present study was designed to investigate the potential association of ABCB1 (ATP-Binding Cassette, Subfamily B, member1) gene polymorphism, and clopidogrel responsiveness in Iranian patients after PCI. Sixty-seven patients were included in the study. Blood samples were taken from patients at baseline, 2 h after administration of 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel, 24 h and 30 days after PCI. Platelet aggregation was measured by light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) with two levels of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) concentrations (5 and 20 µM). ABCB1 genotyping was performed by restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction (RFLP-PCR). The allelic frequencies of wild type, heterozygote, and homozygote genotypes of ABCB1 were 20.9%, 74.6%, and 4.5%, respectively. There was no significant association between polymorphism of ABCB1 and clopidogrel non-responsiveness (P > 0.05) in various situations. No significant difference was observed for demographic characteristics. Genetic and demographic factors had no significant effect on the platelet activity of clopidogrel in an Iranian population.

Graphical Abstract

Association of ABCB1 Gene Polymorphisms and Clopidogrel Responsiveness in Iranian Patients undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Keywords