Resveratrol reduces lipid accumulation through upregulating the expression of microRNAs regulating fatty acid bet oxidation in liver cells: Evidence from in vivo and in vitro studies

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Medicine Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Recombinant Protein Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Clinical biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

MicroRNAs has been shown to regulate lipogenesis in liver. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the effects of resveratrol (RSV) on lipogenesis is associated with the changes in the expression of two miRNAs (miR-107 and miR-10b) that regulate lipogenic pathways. 30 wild type C57BL/6j male mice were randomly fed three diets: a standard chow diet (ND), a high fat diet (HFD, 60% fat) and the high fat diet supplemented with 0.4% RSV (HFD-RSV) for 16 weeks. HepG2 cells were treated with high glucose (33mM) and RSV (20µM) for 24 h. The expression of the genes and miRNAs were measured by real-time PCR. Triglyceride level was increased in the liver of mice and HepG2 cells. In both animal and in vitro experiments, triglyceride level was significantly decreased in groups treated with RSV. The expression of the miR-107 and miR-10b was significantly upregulated in the liver of HFD mice, whereas HFD-RSV group demonstrated a significant lower expression of both miRNAs compared to HFD group. In addition, RSV treatment significantly upregulated the expression of CPT-1a and PPARα genes in the liver of HFD mice. Moreover, treatment with RSV could reduce the expression of miR-107 and miR-10b and increase the expression of CPT-1a and PPARα in HG-treated HepG2 cells. These evidence, as a whole, suggest that RSV could exert its anti-lipogenic effect partially through alterations in the expression of miR-107 and miR-10b in liver cells.

Graphical Abstract

Resveratrol reduces lipid accumulation through upregulating the expression of microRNAs regulating fatty acid bet oxidation in liver cells: Evidence from in vivo and in vitro studies

Keywords