Document Type: Research article
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The University of Akron, 200 East Buchtel Common, Akron, OH 44325, USA.
Faculty of New Technologies Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Mechanical Engineering Biomechanics and Implants Research Group, The Medical Device Research Institute (MDRI), School of Computer Science Engineering and Mathematics, Sir Eric Neal Building, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
Faculty of New Science and Technologies, Department of Life Science Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
The Lister Laboratory of Microbiology, Tehran, Iran.
The present study deals with preparation and characterization of thermally crosslinked PVA-based hydrogels containing honey and sucrose for the purpose of erythromycin delivery. The hydrogels have been characterized and compared by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and bio-adhesion tests. Swelling measurements showed that addition of sucrose and honey decreased the equilibrium swelling of the hydrogels. Results of release studies showed that the amount of erythromycin released at the early hours was higher for PVA/sucrose and PVA/honey hydrogels compared to PVA hydrogel while the drug released at later times was highly reduced for PVA/honey hydrogel. Both Peppas-Sahlin and Korsmeyer-Peppas models fitted well to the release data. Fitting Peppas-Sahlin model to the release data showed that at the initial times, release of drug from the hydrogel network was mainly governed by Fickian mechanism however, at later times the drug is dominantly released by relaxational mechanism due to swelling of the network,. Addition of honey improved the bio-adhesion of PVA/honey hydrogel as compared to PVA/sucrose and pure PVA hydrogel. Results of antibacterial tests showed growth inhibitory action of erythromycin-loaded PVA hydrogels against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This study indicates that these hybrid hydrogels are capable of being used as functional wound dressings aiming to control the rate of antibiotic delivery to the wound site and prevent the wounds from infection.