Noncompetitive inhibition of bovine liver catalase by lawsone: Kinetics, binding mechanism and in silico modeling approaches

Document Type : Research article


1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

3 Biotechnology Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Faculty of Pharmacy, Near East University, POBOX: 99138, Nicosia, North Cyprus, Mersin 10, Turkey.

5 Biotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.


Lawsone (2-hydroxy-1,4-naphtoquinone; LAW), as a naphthoquinone derivative, is the biologically active component of Henna leaves. In this study, the structural and functional effects of LAW on bovine liver catalase (BLC), has been studied utilizing ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption, fluorescence and ATR-FTIR spectroscopic techniques, and molecular docking approach. In vitro kinetic study showed that by adding gradual concentrations of LAW, catalase activity was significantly decreased through noncompetitive inhibition mechanism. UV–vis and ATR-FTIR spectroscopic results illustrated that additional concentration of LAW lead to significant change in secondary structure of the enzyme. The fluorescence spectroscopic results at different temperatures indicated that LAW quenches the intrinsic fluorescence of BLC by dynamic mechanism and there is just one binding site for LAW on BCL. Changing the micro- environment nearby two aromatic residues (tryptophan (Trp) and tyrosine (Tyr)) were resulted from synchronous fluorescence. The thermodynamic parameters were implied that the hydrophobic bindings have a significant impress in the organization of the LAW-catalase complex. Molecular docking data in agreement with experimental results, confirmed that hydrophobic interactions are dominant. Inhibition of enzyme activity by LAW, showed that along with its helpful effects as an anti-oxidant compounds, the side effects of LAW should not be overlooked.

Graphical Abstract

Noncompetitive inhibition of bovine liver catalase by lawsone: Kinetics, binding mechanism and in silico modeling approaches


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