Document Type: Research article
MMS-EA 2160, Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
MMS-EA 2160, Departments of Biochemistry and Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences II, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon.
Department of Biochemistry and Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences II, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon.
Marine macroalgae have attracted much attention in recent years as a valuable source of bioactive metabolites. The cytotoxic potential of the Laurencia papillosa red alga collected from the Lebanese coast has been investigated on human breast cancer cells MCF-7. The crude extract of Laurencia papillosa (L. papillosa) was fractionated by column chromatography using a series of increasingly polar solvents (methylene chloride, acetone and methanol). Cytotoxicity of the crude extract and fractions was determined by MTT assay in MCF-7 cells. Apoptosis was detected by annexin V/propidium iodide assay and by measurement of Bcl-2 expression. Flotillin-2 expression was examined using RT-qPCR and Western blot. The crude extract, and the fractions of CH2Cl2 and acetone exhibited a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect on MCF-7 cells. Apoptosis was specifically induced by one of the acetone fractions having the highest cytotoxicity. It has been demonstrated by an increase in late phase apoptotic cell populations, and a decrease in Bcl-2 anti-apoptotic marker expression on mRNA and protein levels in a dose- and time- dependent manner. Furthermore, this active fraction decreased Flotillin-2 expression associated with cancer progression. Our data suggest that L. papillosa is an important source of cytotoxic metabolites. Further studies are needed for the chemical characterization of the metabolite associated with observed biological activities.