Design and Synthesis of Novel 1-Hydroxy-2,4,5-triaryl Imidazole Derivatives as Anti-Cytokine Agent

Document Type : Research article


1 Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.


Among Recent advances in the identification of anti-inflammation agents, anti-cytokines (like Interleukin-1), related to p38 MAPK families play an important role; Here in we designed new effective and low toxic anti-cytokine agents based on 1-Hydroxy-2,4,5-triaryl imidazole derivatives. The reaction of oximoinoketone intermediate with ten different aromatic aldehyde and ammonium acetate in refluxing acetic acid condition give imidazole derived product, the IL-1β inhibitory assay were performed on Human PBMCs (peripheral blood mononuclear cells) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit and then in computational part the binding mode of the best compound was accomplished  by docking in Crystal structure of p38 MAP kinase (PDB ID: 1A9U) compared with SB202190 as standard drug. All compounds were synthesized and evaluated in biological assay showing the inhibitory activity from 28% to 82% compared to SB202190 and binding mode analysis revealed that the hydrogen-bond interactions with residues (Met109, Val30) were key point in inhibitor binding. Compound 5g clearly proved the best inhibitory action and could be further utilized for designing newer anti-cytokine agents and p38α MAP kinase potentially inhibitory action.

Graphical Abstract

Design and Synthesis of Novel 1-Hydroxy-2,4,5-triaryl Imidazole Derivatives as Anti-Cytokine Agent


Main Subjects

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