Document Type: Research article
Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Among Recent advances in the identification of anti-inflammation agents, anti-cytokines (like Interleukin-1), related to p38 MAPK families play an important role; Here in we designed new effective and low toxic anti-cytokine agents based on 1-Hydroxy-2,4,5-triaryl imidazole derivatives. The reaction of oximoinoketone intermediate with ten different aromatic aldehyde and ammonium acetate in refluxing acetic acid condition give imidazole derived product, the IL-1β inhibitory assay were performed on Human PBMCs (peripheral blood mononuclear cells) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit and then in computational part the binding mode of the best compound was accomplished by docking in Crystal structure of p38 MAP kinase (PDB ID: 1A9U) compared with SB202190 as standard drug. All compounds were synthesized and evaluated in biological assay showing the inhibitory activity from 28% to 82% compared to SB202190 and binding mode analysis revealed that the hydrogen-bond interactions with residues (Met109, Val30) were key point in inhibitor binding. Compound 5g clearly proved the best inhibitory action and could be further utilized for designing newer anti-cytokine agents and p38α MAP kinase potentially inhibitory action.