Document Type: Research article
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Medical Lab Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
HCV-induced hepatitis is one of the most debilitating diseases. The limited number of anti-HCV drugs and drug-resistance necessitate developing of new scaffolds with different mode of actions. HCV non-structural protein 5B (NS5B) is an attractive target for development of novel inhibitors of HCV replication. In this paper, new N'-arylidene-6-(benzyloxy)-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carbohydrazide derivatives were designed based on the pharmacophores of HCV NS5B active site binding inhibitors. Designed compounds were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activities in a cell-based HCV replicon system assay. Among tested compounds, compounds 18 and 20 were found to be the most active (EC50 = 35 and 70 M, respectively) with good selectivity index (SI > 2) in the corresponding series. Molecular modeling studies showed that the designed compounds are capable of forming key coordination with the two magnesium ions as well as interactions with other key residues at the active site of HCV NS5B.