Novel 5-(nitrothiophene-2-yl)-1,3,4-Thiadiazole Derivatives: Synthesis and Antileishmanial Activity against promastigote stage of Leishmania major

Document Type: Research article

Authors

1 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Drug Design and Development Research Center, The Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (TIPS), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Pharmaceutics Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract

In this study, a series of novel compounds based on 5-(5-nitrothiophene-2-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole possessing (het)aryl thio pendant at C-2 position of thiadiazole ring is developed and evaluated as antileishmanial agents using MTT colorimetric assay. 10 New compounds containing aryl and hetero aryl derivatives, started from thiophene-2-carbaldehyde in five steps, were synthesized in good to excellent yields and characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and IR spectroscopy. Through the compounds 6a-j, methylimidazole containing derivative 6e was recognized as the most active compound against L. major promastigotes exhibiting IC50 values of 11.2µg/ml and 7.1µg/ml after 24 and 48 hours, respectively. This compound is >4 fold more effective than Glucantime as a standard drug (IC50 = 50 µg/ml after 24 h and 25 µg/ml after 48 h).

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