IARC. IARC monographs on the evaluation of
carcinogenic risks to humans, some traditional herbal
medicines, some Mycotoxins, naphthalene and
styrene. Vol. 82. lyon, france (2002) [cited 2017 Oct
19]. Available from: URL: http://monographs.iarc.fr/
Kamkar A, Fallah AA and Mozaffari Nejad AS. The
review of aflatoxin M1
contamination in milk and
dairy products produced in Iran. Toxin Rev. 33: 160–8.
Ayar A, Sert D and Çon AH. A study on the occurrence
of Aflatoxin in raw milk due to feeds. J. Food Saf.
(2007) 27: 199–207.
Tavakoli HR, Kamkar A, Riazipour M and Mozaffari
Nejad AS. Assessment of aflatoxin M1 levels by
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in yoghurt
consumed in Tehran, Iran. Asian J. Chem. (2013) 25:
JECFA. Fifty-sixth meeting of the joint FAO/WHO
expert committee on additives and contaminants.
In: Safety evaluation of certain mycotoxins in food:
Aflatoxin M1. WHO Food Additives Series. World
Health Organization, IPCS—International Programme
on Chemical Safety, Geneva (2001) 1–102.
EFSA. Report for 2010 on the results from the
monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues
and other substances in live animals and animal
products. Technical report of European Food Safety
Authority (EFSA). Parma, Italy (2012).
Duarte SC, Almeida AM, Teixeira AS, Pereira AL,
Falcão AC, Pena A and lino CM . Aflatoxin M1 in
marketed milk in Portugal: Assessment of human and
animal exposure. Food Control (2013) 30: 411–7.
Ismail A, Akhtar S, Levin RE, Ismail T, Riaz M
and Amir M. Aflatoxin M1 : Prevalence and
decontamination strategies in milk and milk products.
Crit. Rev. Microbiol. (2016) 42: 418-27.
Heshmati A and Milani JM. Contamination of UHT
milk by aflatoxin M1 in Iran. Food Control (2010)
IARC. IARC monographs on the evaluation of
carcinogenic risks to humans. Some Naturally
Occurring Substances: Food Items and Constituents,
Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines and Mycotoxins. Vol.
Škrbić B, Živančev J, Antić I and Godula M. Levels
of aflatoxin M1 in different types of milk collected in
Serbia: Assessment of human and animal exposure.
Food Control (2014) 40: 113–9.
Cano-Sancho G, Marin S, Ramos AJ, Peris-Vicente
J and Sanchis V. Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 and
exposure assessment in Catalonia (Spain). Rev.
Iberoam. Micol. (2010) 27: 130–5.
FAO. Mycotoxin regulations in 2003 and current
developments. In: Worldwide Regulations for
Mycotoxins in Food and Feed in 2003 (2004) 9–28.
ISIRI. Food & Feed - Mycotoxins- Maximum Tolerated
level (Amendment No.1 ). National Standard No.
5925 Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of
Iran, Iran, Karaj: Institute of Standard and Industrial
Research of Iran (2006).
Shundo L, Navas SA, Lamardo LCA, Ruvieri V and
Sabino M. Estimate of aflatoxin M1 exposure in milk
and occurrence in Brazil. Food Control (2009) 20:
Jager AV, Tedesco MP, Souto PCMC and Oliveira
CAF. Assessment of aflatoxin intake in São Paulo,
Brazil. Food Control (2013) 33: 87–92.
Leblanc J-C, Tard A, Volatier J-L and Verger
P. Estimated dietary exposure to principal food
mycotoxins from The First French Total Diet Study.
Food Addit. Contam. (2005) 22: 652–72.
Zinnedine A, González-Osnaya L, Soriano JM, Moltó
JC, Idrissi L and Mañes J. Presence of aflatoxin
M1 in pasteurized milk from Morocco. Int. J. Food
Microbiol. (2007) 114: 25–9.
IPCS. International Programme on Chemical Safety
of WHO. Safety Evaluation of Certain Food Additives
and Contaminants: Aflatoxins. WHO food additives
series 40. World Health Organization, Genève,
Hedayati MT, Omran SM, Soleymani A and Armaki
MT. Aflatoxins in Food Products in Iran: a Review
of the Literature. Jundishapur J. Microbiol. (2016)
Bahrami R, Shahbazi Y and Nikousefat Z. Aflatoxin
M1 in milk and traditional dairy products from west
part of Iran: Occurrence and seasonal variation with an
emphasis on risk assessment of human exposure. Food
Control (2016) 62: 250–6.
ISIRI. Milk and milk products. Determination of
Aflatoxin M1 by HPLC Method and Immunoaffinity
Column Clean up-Test Method. National Standard No.
7133 (First revision), 7133 (First revision) Institute of
Khaneghahi Abyaneh H et al. / IJPR (2019), 18 (3): 1332-1340
Standards and Industrial Research of Iran, Iran, Karaj
IPCS. International Programme on Chemical Safety of
WHO. Principles and methods for the risk assessment
of chemicals in food, Chapter 6: Dietary exposure
assessment of chemicals in food. Environmental
Health Criteria; 240. World Health Organization,
Genève, Switzerland (2009).
GEMS/Food-EURO. GEMS / Food-EURO Second
Workshop on Reliable Evaluation of Low-Level
Contamination of Food: Report on a Workshop in the
Frame of GEMS/Food-EURO. (1995).
EFSA. Management of left-censored data in dietary
exposure assessment of chemical substances. Eur.
Food Saf. Auth. J. (2010) 8: 1557.
CBIRI. Results of Household Budget Survey in Urban
Areas of Iran in 2016. Tehran: Iran (2017).
Statistical Center of Iran. The results of the Iranian
Urban and Rural Household Income and Expenditure
Survey - The Year 2016 (2017).
Nasimi A. Comparison Of Achievements in Products
Situation, Annual Consumption Commerce and Price
Building of Milk and Dairies Products, Between World
Level and Iran (Using SWOT Analyzing Method).
Tehran, Iran (2005).
Iqbal SZ, Jinap S, Pirouz AA and Ahmad Faizal AR.
Aflatoxin M1in milk and dairy products, occurrence
and recent challenges: A review. Trends Food Sci.
Technol. (2015) 46: 110–9.
Kos J, Lević J, Duragić O, Kokić B and Miladinović
I. Occurrence and estimation of aflatoxin M1 exposure
in milk in Serbia. Food Control (2014) 38: 41–6.
Tajkarimi M, Aliabadi-Sh F, Salah Nejad A, Poursoltani
H, Motallebi AA and Mahdavi H. Aflatoxin M1
contamination in winter and summer milk in 14 states
in Iran. Food Control (2008 )19: 1033–6.
Oruc HH, Cibik R, Yilmaz E and Kalkanli O.
Distribution and stability of Aflatoxin M1
processing and ripening of traditional white pickled
cheese. Food Addit. Contam. (2006) 23: 190–5.
Taherabadi MS, Gharavi MJ, Javadi I, Alimohammadi
M, Moghadamnia H, Mosleh N, Farajollahi MM and
Sharif M. The Level of Aflatoxin M1 in Raw and
Pasteurized Milk Produced in Alborz Province , Iran.
Jundishapur J. Nat. Pharm. Prod. (2016) 11: 1–4.
Colak H. Determination of aflatoxin M1 levels
in Turkish White and Kashar cheeses made of
experimentally contaminated raw milk. J. Food Drug
Anal. (2007) 15: 163–8.
Sheikhloie H and Safarpour B. Comparison of
Aflatoxin M1 in Tehran Traditional and Industrial
Cattle-Farm Milk in Spring. Int. J. Rev. Life Sci.
(2015) 5: 1167–72.
Nowrozi H and Kazemi A. Determination of Aflatoxin
M1 in Fresh (Raw and Pasteurized) Cow Milk in
Khuzestan Province. Jundishapur Sci. Med. J. (2014)
13: 327–333 (In persian).
Kamkar A, Yazdankhah S, Mohammadi Nafchi A
and Mozaffari Nejad AS. Aflatoxin M1 in raw cow
and buffalo milk in Shush city of Iran. Food Addit.
Contam. Part B Surveill. (2014) 7: 21–4.
Rezaei M, Eshagi gorji M, Shariatifar N, Hosseini MA
and Habibi S. Occurrence of Aflatoxin M1 in milk in
Qom , Iran. Ital. J. Food Sci. (2014) 26: 325–8.
Mashak Z, Sohi HJ, Heshmati A and Nejad ASM.
Assessment of Aflatoxin M1 contamination in UHT
flavored milk samples in Karaj, Iran. Iran. J. Pharm.
Res. (2016) 15: 407–11.
Movassaghghazani MH and Ghorbiani M. Incidence
of Aflatoxin M 1 in Human and Cow Milk in Kashan,
Iran. J. Food Qual. Hazards Control (2017) 4: 99–102.
Sohrabi N and Gharahkoli H. A seasonal study for
determination of aflatoxin M1 level in dairy products
in Iranshahr, Iran. Curr Med. Mycol. (2016) 2: 29–33.
Tajik H, Moradi M, Razavi Rohani SM and Hadian
M. Determination of Aflatoxin M1 in Pasteurized
and UHT Milk in West-Azerbaijan Province of
Determination of Aflatoxin M 1 in Pasteurized and
UHT Milk in West-Azerbaijan Province of Iran. J.
Food Qual. Hazards Control (2016) 3: 37–40.
Tajkarimi. Seasonal survey in content M1 aflatoxin in
raw milk taken from 15 dairy factory. Pajouhesh &
Sazandegi (2007) 2–9.
Secretariat of supreme council for health and food
security. National Nutrition and Food Security
Document (2012-2020). Ministry of Health, Treatment
and Medical Training. (2004).